• Let’s talk about your project

Web Development Basics

Nearly half of the world’s population has access to the internet, and they use it for everything from education to entertainment, from connecting to commerce, from digesting global news to keeping up with the economy. The internet is often the first and only channel we use to interact with the rest of the world.

Since the 1990s the internet has remained a constant in our lives and only continues to expand with time. Despite the extensive use of the internet and computer code for web development, coders are still relatively rare. Only approximately 2.5% of college students pursue degrees in computer science although the demand for programmers has steadily increased. Many people are repelled by the complexity of computer programming and the difficulty of learning code. Even if you aren’t looking to be a web developer, learning the basics of web development can help when it comes to understanding websites.

What is Web Development?

Website development consists of the work involved in building a website. This encompasses anything from creating a single plain-text webpage to developing a complex web application or social network.

Although web development often refers to web markup and coding, it includes all aspects of development such as client-side scripting, e-commerce development, network security configuration and content management system development.

Web Development Basics Explained

What is a Website?

Websites are files stored on a server, which are typically computers that host or store websites. Each server is connected to a network known as the internet. The website is essentially a collection of related web pages constructed from computer code and housed under a unique domain name. Web pages can be thought of as documents that can be viewed or interacted with through a web browser.

Browsers are computer programs that load websites via an internet connection. This includes Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc. Your computer may also be known as a client. Webpages can be accessed either from a search engine results page, links on the website home page or directly through a web address. In order to access a website, you need to be able to access its IP address. This unique address allows users to distinguish between the billions of other connected devices that make up the internet. It also allows devices to accurately exchange digital information.

What is an Internet Protocol (IP) address?

Internet protocol is a set of standards used to command interaction on the internet. In order to access a website, you need to know the IP address, a unique string of numbers. To find your device’s IP address, you can type “what’s my IP address” into a search browser. Although you can access a website using its IP address, most people prefer domain names or search engines.

What is HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)?

HyperText Transfer Protocol or HTTP is something we’ve all seen but probably know little about. HTTP connects you and your website request to the server that holds all of the website data. This set of rules or protocol helps to determine how messages should be sent via the internet. It’s what allows you to move from page to page and site to site.

Whenever you type a website into your browser or search engine, HTTP generates a framework so that the client or computer and server can speak the same language when they make requests or respond to each other over the internet. It acts as a translator between you and the internet. It reads your website request, interprets the code sent back from the server and translates it in the form of a website.

What is Coding?

Coding consists of writing code for servers and applications. It’s known as a language because it is made of vocabulary and grammatical rules for communicating with computers. It also includes abbreviations, punctuation and special commands that can only be understood by devices and programs. As a developer, you act as a translator.

All software has to be written by at least one coding language, but it can vary based on the platform, operating system and style. In addition to this, there are a number of different coding languages that fall into two different categories – front-end and back-end.

OHM Solutions Web Development Basics Coding Screen

What’s the Difference Between Front-end and Back-end?

The terms front-end and back-end refer to the part of the client/server relationship that you’re working with. Front-end means that you’re working directly with the client side that can be seen in the browser while back-end means you’re working with the part of the website that handles functionality.

Front-end code allows users to interact with a website and play videos, manipulate images, highlight text and more. Back-end code may just look like a bunch of numbers, letters and symbols to non-developers. But these languages allow the website to operate correctly. There are more back-end coding languages than front-end because browsers (front-end) only understand JavaScript while servers (back-end) can be configured to understand almost any language.

What is a Content Management System?

A content management system (CMS) is an application or series of programs used to make and manage web content. Although this is not a requirement when building a site, it does make it much easier. A CMS provides building blocks like plugins or add-ons that help create the structure in your code.

OHM Solutions Web Development Graphic

Why is Web Development Important?

For business owners looking to build their own websites, understanding web development can helpful when trying to navigate a technology-driven world. The internet shows no sign of disappearing anytime soon. It has actually become the primary source or research, connection, entertainment and education across the globe.

More and more people have started to use the internet for a multitude of reasons and each one of them needs a website that has been developed by a skilled web developer. Understanding the basics of web development and the different types of web development can help you hire the right developer for your site.

Article written by: Anastasia Thom


Get Connected.

We welcome you to contact us for more information
about any of our products or services.

Let’s Talk About Your Project

We’d love to hear about your project and your ideas. Give us a call or send us an email to set up a time to speak.

Connect With Us On Social Media

Find Picnic on one of our social media accounts below and let us know what you think about our work.

Set Up A Free Consultation

Ready to get started? Tell us some details about your project using our questionnaire form.Consultation


1029 H Street Suite 308
Sacramento, CA 95814